A review of the literature on patient participation in transitions of the elderly
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Original versionDyrstad, D. N., Testad, I., Aase, K. & Storm, M. (2015). A review of the literature on patient participation in transitions of the elderly. Cognition, Technology & Work, 17(15), 15-34. 10.1007/s10111-014-0300-4
Patient participation is highlighted in healthcare policy documents as an important area to address in order to improve and secure healthcare quality. The literature on healthcare quality and safety furthermore reveals that transitional care carries a risk of adverse events. Elderly persons with co-morbidities are in need of treatment and healthcare from several care professionals and are transferred between different care levels. Patient-centered care, shared decision-making and user involvement are concepts of care that incorporate patient participation and the patients’ experiences with care. Even though these care concepts are highlighted in healthcare policy documents, limited knowledge exists about their use in transitions, and therefore points to a need for a review of the existing literature. The purpose of the paper is to give an overview of studies including patient participation as applied in transitional care of the elderly. The methodology used is a literature review searching electronic databases. Results show that participation from elderly in discharge planning and decision-making was low, although patients wanted to participate. Some tools were successfully implemented, but several did not stimulate patient participation. The paper has documented that improvements in quality of transitional care of elderly is called for, but has not been well explored in the research literature and a need for future research is revealed. Clinical practice should take into consideration implementing tools to support patient participation to improve the quality of transitional care of the elderly.